№АР09259432. The project “Alash case of 1920-1930. Documents and materials of the investigation file, fabricated by the JSPD”

Project manager Doctor of Historical Sciences, Professor Koigeldiev M. K.

Relevance. The idea of creating this project is connected with the appeal of the Head of State K.-J. Tokaev on the occasion of the Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Political Repression and Famine (May 30, 2020). The President in his address noted that “to complete the work on the recovery of historical justice, I ordered the creation of the State Commission for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Political Repression”.

The victims of fabricated JSPD cases were leaders and activists of the Kazakh national liberation movement, which in history was called the Alash movement. The national liberation movement led by the national intelligentsia by the Soviet ideological apparatus was defined as the movement of the “bourgeois intelligentsia” for the creation of bourgeois statehood in Kazakhstan. Based on this false thesis, the Soviet government in the second half of the 20s. XX century launched an attack on leaders and activists of the national liberation movement. As a result, of permanent repressive measures, many of them were arrested and liquidated.

Unfortunately, most of the documents and materials of the investigative files of the leaders and activists of the Alash movement, fabricated by the OGPU and stored in the closed archival funds of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, have not yet been published in sufficient detail with the appropriate scientific apparatus.

It should be noted that already in the years of independence several attempts were made to publish a collection of documents and materials on the Alash movement. The first plan in this series was implemented by the Archive of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan on the basis of documentary materials contained in the funds of this archival institution [1-5].

Of course, every publication on the history of the Alash movement becomes a noticeable phenomenon in highlighting the history of the Kazakh national liberation movement in the first third of the 20th century. However, these publications cannot replace the place and role of the fundamentally designed academic publication of documentary materials on the Alash investigation case. The materials of the Alash case are scientifically important not only from the point of view of the reliability of the facts reported by the detainees, but as a monument of the era, reflecting its features and customs, as an indictment against the regime of power.

The main goal of the project is to publish in the form of an academic two-volume with the appropriate scientific apparatus of investigative materials on the Alash case, which are stored in the collections of state archives, as well as special archives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the prosecutor’s office of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

Ways to solve the problem. As researchers who deeply studied the problem of repression, documentary materials in the archives of the departments of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Russian State Archive of Social and Political History, the State Archive of the Russian Federation, etc., we believe that for a holistic understanding of the social processes taking place at that time, it is necessary comprehensively analyze and publish in full the documents of specialized archival funds.

Expected and achieved results. The results will be reflected in collections of materials from congresses, conferences, symposia, forums, as well as in peer-reviewed journals. It is planned to publish a 2-volume publication “Alash case of 1920-1930. Documents and materials of the investigation file, fabricated by the JSPD” / «Алашское дело 1920-1930 гг. Документы и материалы следственного дела, сфабрикованного ОГПУ» / «Алаш ісі. 1920-1930 жж. ОГПУ жүргізген жасанды тергеу істерінің құжаттары мен материалдары» prepared in accordance with the rules for publishing historical documents and equipped with a scientific reference apparatus (biographical information, comments, indexes, etc.).

The topic under study is of fashion importance for translating the achievements of Kazakhstani science into the world geopolitical and cultural space with the aim of successfully implementing intercultural communication, ensuring political and economic competitiveness of Kazakhstan in modern sociocultural conditions. The scientific results of the study can form the basis for the development of state, national, civic identity, and can be used by authorities in developing practical mechanisms for shaping state policy.

To date, theoretical and methodological training has been carried out and methodological research tools have been developed, the literature on the history of the Alash movement has been collected and analyzed. In order to determine the basic principles of archeography in the preparation and publication of documentary publications, various collections of documents and materials on the history of judicial and political processes were viewed. Among the studied, it is particularly necessary to highlight collections of documents and materials on two major judicial and investigative cases, widely known in historiography as the “Shakhty trial” and the “Academic Case”.

Most Russian and foreign researchers consider the “Shakhty trial” of 1928-1929 as the first forensic demonstration case fabricated by the OGPU authorities and marked the beginning of the strengthening of the totalitarian “Stalinist” regime. The archeographic work on the publication of the multi-volume collection of documents and materials “Academic Business” is still not completed, of the planned 10 issues, the 1st, 2nd and 9th issues have now been prepared and published. But despite the publication of only a part of the documents, the published array of archival sources already indicates the large scale of the work done by source historians and archeographers.

The works of domestic and foreign historiography on the problems of political repression, archaeological research and Alash movements are analyzed and studied.

Conclusions. Thus, the implementation of the project will allow the collection of documentary sources on the problem of the Alash movement in the specialized archives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, their archaeographic processing and the subsequent publication of 2 volumes of documents and materials. The popularization and promotion of this research in the media and the Internet will bring one of the key problems of domestic historical science to a new level.

1. AU-ID  “Myrzatayeva, Zabira Balabekovna”   57193226802


3. Belous S.G. Scopus Author ID: 57193846088


4. Tleubaev Sh. orcid.org/0000-0002-9659-1006

5. orcid id gulden Zhasharalina 0000-0002-3177-1030

 1) Qoigeldiev M.Q. Otkendі eŋseru – bügіngі tarihtanudyŋ mіndetі // Egemen Qazaqstan. 19 nauryz 2021 j. https://egemen.kz/article/269204-mambet-qoygeldiev-otkendi-enhseru-%E2%80%93-bugingi-tarikhtanudynh-mindeti

2) Qoigeldiev M.Q. Baqylaudağy tarih: bіz odan aryla aldyq pa?// Egemen Qazaqstan. 16 sauіr 2021 j. https://egemen.kz/article/271755-baqylaudaghy-tarikh-biz-odan-aryla-aldyq-pa

3) Qoigeldiev M.Q. Qazaq Sovet Respublikasy: onyŋ iesі kіm edі? // Jas Alaş. 28 mamyr 2021 j. https://zhasalash.kz/ruhaniyat/qazaq-sovet-respublikasy-onyn-iesi-kim-edi-16090.html

4) Qoigeldiev M.Q. Ötkendі eŋseru // QazAqparat portaly. 16 nauryz 2021 j.https://egemen.kz/article/269204-mambet-qoygeldiev-otkendi-enhseru-%E2%80%93-bugingi-tarikhtanudynh-mindeti

5) Pamяtnik lideram dvijeniя «Alaş» otkryli v stolise // https://m.forbes.kz/process/pamyatnik_lideram_dvijeniya_alash_otkryili_v_stolitse

(QR Prezidentі Q-J. Toqaevtyŋ qatysuymen ötken Alaş qairatkerlerіne arnalğan eskertkіştіŋ aşylu räsіmіne prof.M.Qoigeldiev qatynasty)

5) Tіleubaev Ş.B. Jetіsudağy aşarşylyq: Mіrjaqyp Dulatūly qaldyrğan derekter // Jetіsu. Almaty oblysynyŋ qoğamdyq-saяsi, äleumettіk-ekonomikalyq gazetі. 17 mamyr 2021 j.https://7-su.kz/news/cat-4/11035/

6) Tіleubaev Ş.B. İnterv. Är qūjatta myŋdağan adamnyŋ tağdyry tūr // Aiqyn. 1 mausym 2021 j. https://aikyn.kz/142043/er-kuzhatta-myndagan-adamnyn-tagdyry-t/

7) Orazov R.E. Asyra sіlteudіŋ auyr zardaby // Egemen Qazaqstan. 30 mamyr 2021 j. https://egemen.kz/article/276424-asyra-silteudinh-auyr-zardaby

 Research team and project management

Table 1 – the composition of the research group for research

item Name,

degree / academic degree, academic rank1

Primary place

of work,


Role in

A project or





Project period (months)
1st year   2nd year 3rd year
1 d.h.s.prof.,

Koigeldiev M.K.

Abai KazNPU



Manager full 3 12 12
2 Candidate of law,

Kasymov S.A.


President of the Republican

Public fund



participant full 3 12 12
3 c.h.s,

Mirzataev Z.B.

Abai KazNPU participant full 3 12 12
4 c.h.s,

Tleubayev S.B.

Abai KazNPU participant full 3 12 12
5 PhD,

Belous S.G.

Abai KazNPU participant full 3 12 12
6 Master of History

Orazov P.E.

CSA of the RK participant full 3 12 12
7 Master of History


CSA of the RK participant full 3 12 12
8 Master of History

Esim K.E.

Abai KazNPU participant full 3 12 12