IRN AR13268897 “Modern Kazakh literary fairy tale: archetypal images and plots”.

The relevance of the topic: lies in the fact that Kazakh modern literature, as literature, mainly oriental, remains largely committed to traditional values and concepts, without losing touch with national folklore and mythology. The literary fairy tale becomes the most adequate artistic form for the symbiosis of the image of the past ethnic group as a kind of golden age, an exemplary period reflecting its most harmonious existence, and modernity, which needs to be reflected and harmonized according to ideal models. A literary fairy tale translates certain collective (unconscious) expectations of modern society, “conducts” up the images-archetypes missing in modern society, and, at the same time, indicates deviations from the exemplary norms of behavior accepted in a particular community. A literary fairy tale, like a folklore fairy tale, magic, most often implements the plot of initiation, formation and maturation of a hero passing through a system of tests. That is why this genre is activated, as a rule, in transitional epochs, “helping” to harmonize social chaos, defining certain points of bifurcation. The rapid flourishing of the Kazakh literary fairy tale, presented by dozens of modern authors and fairy-tale texts in the last two decades, confirms this hypothesis of ours. A literary fairy tale is addressed, as a rule, to teenagers whose psychological integrity is formed by similar texts (including modern fantasy, an ersatz genre with a core of folklore fairy tale and myth). However, the Kazakh literary fairy tale often turns out to be addressed to an adult audience, framed in postmodern aesthetics. It raises eternal problems that have turned out to be relevant in the modern period of acute social transformations, this phenomenon of “double addressing” of the modern Kazakh fairy tale requires a separate in-depth study.

The purpose of the project: is to identify, classify and determine the functionality of the main archetypal images and plots in the modern Kazakh literary fairy tale, as well as to identify the ideas of modern Kazakh writers about exemplary (archetypal) social models, about the forms and reasons for deviation from them, about the author’s intentions in the formation of a picture of the world of the younger generation of Kazakhstanis.

Expected results: Achieved results
 

Collection and processing of artistic material for the project

Work is underway to collect and process artistic material on the topic of the project (tales of Yu. Serebryansky, L. Kalaus, E. Klepikova, etc.). In accordance with the tasks of testing artistic and analytical material at KazNPU, a syllabus on the discipline “Author and hero in postmodern prose”, 1st year of master’s degree, specialty – Literary Studies (at least 3 credits) was developed on the basis of the Department of Russian Language and Literature. The syllabus includes sections on the theory and history of the Kazakh literary fairy tale.  The work will continue.
to compile a catalog and classify genre subspecies of modern Kazakh fairy tales; Work is underway on compiling a catalog and classification of genre subspecies of modern Kazakh fairy tales, where a list of analyzed literary texts will be presented (literary tales of Guldana Mukhtarbekkyzy, Nursaule Tildebayev, Alimzhan Takumov, Yuri.Serebryansky, Olga Mark, Mikhail Pak, Anastasia Kirienko, Daria Dzhumageldinova, Nursultan Shaimerdenova, Lily Kalaus, Zira Nauryzbayeva, Alfiya Makarimova, Ksenia Rogozhnikova, Yessimbek Amriev, Elena Klepikova, Lyudmila Manannikova, Elena Seifert, Svetlana Pozdnyakova, etc.) At the moment, typological characteristics of literary fairy tales are revealed (dominant elements of poetics, the system of images, chronotope, stylistics, belonging to a literary direction / trend). The work will continue.
to make the most complete list of analyzed literary texts; to identify typological characteristics of literary fairy tales for children, literary fairy tales for adults; to determine whether the analyzed texts belong to a particular literary direction/ trend;

 

Work is underway to compile a list of analyzed literary texts; to identify typological characteristics of literary fairy tales for children, literary fairy tales for adults; to determine whether the analyzed texts belong to a particular literary direction / trend (realistic or postmodern aesthetics with elements of modernism). The purpose of this stage of the work is to identify the artistic and social functionality of the main archetypal images in Kazakh literary fairy tales with a multi-genre nature and various focus groups. The work will continue.

The analytical material of the project was tested on the platform of the University of Zurich in the framework of a joint project with KazNPU. Abaya of the international MOOC course, where within the framework of this project, classes on fairy-tale texts with a mythological component and a regional component were prepared and conducted. Serebryansky (“Balkhash”, “Twin Shepherds”), L. Kalaus (“Sveta and Bulty”), E. Ayla and N. Sakavova (“Fairy Tales for adults”). Interviews with the authors of Kazakh fairy tales have been prepared and uploaded to the website of the Zurich University course.  A scientific article by Safronova L.V., Zhanysbekova E.T. “Kazakh fairy tales for adults” has been uploaded to the course material of the University of Zurich, representing mythological motifs and ways of their transformation in modern Kazakh fairy-tale texts, depending on their belonging to realistic or postmodern aesthetics.

Composition of the research group:

1) Zhanysbekova Elmira Tulegenovna Doctor of PhD. Research interests — mythopoetics, psychoanalytic literary studies, modern literature of Kazakhstan.

2) Safronova Lyudmila Vasilyevna, Doctor of Philology, Professor.  Postdoctoral research consultant, involved in the implementation of all scientific tasks of the project, co-author of articles and monographs, course teacher on the MOOC platform. Research interests — psychoanalytic and cognitive literary studies, postmodernism, typologization of author-character dependencies, modern literature of Russia and Kazakhstan.

List of publications for 2022: No publication of articles is planned for 2022.